Study finds mental health may be the biggest factor in homicides in the UK | a crime

A study finds that mental health problems may be more often a factor in homicides than gang membership, as most murders can be prevented.

searching for London Violence Reduction Unitpublished on Monday, is the deepest look at UK murders to date, project leaders believe.

Fifty murders were selected from the secret murder case files he keeps metropolitan police. Behavioral insight experts searched for patterns of killers, attackers, and most importantly, why. It is hoped that researchers will be able to find out how many cases could have been prevented and by what means.

Ed Braddon, the project manager, said the work so far suggests that most murders can be prevented: “Every one of those 50 murders could have been prevented at some point. It might not be immediately visible.”

In one case of domestic murder, neighbors heard screams from the house where a woman had been murdered, but they got used to hearing them and therefore did not call the police.

“A lot of the usual things have to happen to kill someone,” Braddon said.

Six factors were identified by studying 50 cases in depth. police The main factors behind them have previously been identified but have been reassessed by behavioral insight experts.

The main factors for the victim or killers were mental ill health, a factor in 29 cases; drugs that were a factor in the deaths of 26 people; Alcohol, a factor in 16 cases; gangster, worker in 14 cases; And social media, factor in 14.

The length of time it took for events to escalate to murder after a shooting incident was also factored in. In domestic homicides you might be someone deciding to end a relationship, or in a gang killing drug theft of a competitor. One or more of these factors were identified in the 50 cases examined.

“Mental health appears to be more of a factor than previously thought,” Braddon said.

Some of the killers withdrew from treatment, while others had mental health problems and never received treatment. The study says that mental health, as well as other key factors, can make a victim more vulnerable to violence.

Most of the victims — 28 of those in the study — knew their killer, compared to those who were fatally attacked by a stranger, which occurred in seven cases.

Lucy MacKinson, who directed the project, said different factors pose a greater risk to different age groups, such as gang involvement for young people and mental health for older adults.

The report calls for assistance to be given to young people if they experience threats on social media or taunting, which can be part of the period before a murder was committed. “Social media is used to build tension and is more common in gang cases,” MacKinson said.

Det Supt David Kennett of Met Police said: “This new framework shows tremendous promise, and means for the first time that we can truly impact the criminal justice system by identifying where the risks are.

There are many contributing factors to every murder. This new framework will help us work to prevent homicides from a police perspective and from a partner’s perspective.”

Some, if not most, additional prevention work will fall not on the police but on other agencies.

mayor LondonSadiq Khan, who funded the study as part of the violence reduction work, said: “Part of our approach is to better understand why the killings happen, which is why the VRU funded and commissioned this pioneering framework. If we want to continue to reduce violence in London, it is critical It is crucial that we identify more opportunities to intervene early, because I firmly believe that violence is preventable, not inevitable.”

Homicides in London average 130 to 150 murders a year, and the Met Commissioner, Sir Mark Rowley, said he hoped to bring that number down to less than 100. The study found that every murder costs the police and criminal justice system more than 800 A thousand pounds sterling, and in total more than 100 million pounds a year in London alone.

The next phase of the research will study 300 murder cases.

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