On Tuesday, Western leaders will try to isolate and isolate Russia in G20 summit in Bali By saying that it was Vladimir Putin’s aggression in Ukraine that led to the global crisis in food security, mounting debt, and rampant inflation.
ukrainian president, Volodymyr ZelenskyHe will address the leaders of the world’s most industrialized country via video link and insist that the nine-month war to liberate his country is a war that must be embraced by the global south, and cannot remain neutral.
US officials expressed confidence that the meeting would condemn Russia’s aggressive war in the strongest possible terms. “The G-20 will make clear that Russia’s war is wreaking havoc on people everywhere and on the global economy as a whole,” the official said. Most of the G20 countries agreed to war in Ukraine “The roots of the economic suffering and instability that we see in many parts of the world,” the official added.
Joko Widodo, President of the host country IndonesiaHe asked G20 members to “end the war” as he opened the Leaders Summit on Tuesday in Bali. “Being responsible means not creating zero-sum situations, being responsible here also means that we must end the war. If the war does not end, it will be difficult for the world to move forward,” he told the leaders before the opening session of the summit.
Indonesia is hosting its largest global gathering in its history, and is pressing the West to tone down its criticism Russia To prevent the summit from failing to reach agreement on broader issues. Indonesia is very careful to avoid strikes or disagreements that lead to failure to agree on a joint statement. But formal progress was made on the statement on the eve of summit talks on the rain-soaked resort on Monday.
Representing Sergei Lavrov, the veteran Russian Foreign Minister Russian President Vladimir Putin, who withdrew, fearing that he would face a two-day debate from Western leaders. Putin is also under increasing criticism from his ally China for his repeated threats to use tactical nuclear weapons in Ukraine.
Ahead of the summit, the US, EU and UK issued a joint statement in an effort to counter Russian allegations that the deal allowing Ukrainian grain exports through the Black Sea had been undermined by the West’s failure to lift indirect sanctions on Russian exports. Fertilizers.
The grain deal, jointly negotiated by Turkey and the United Nations in July, was a rare spot of diplomatic sunlight, but is due to be renewed on Friday. Russia and Ukraine account for nearly 30% of total wheat and barley exports, a fifth of corn, and more than half of total sunflower oil.
The agreement allowing exports via the Russian Navy from three Ukrainian seaports was critical to bringing down grain prices.
But Russia claims the deal is biased because Western sanctions have indirectly continued to cast a shadow over Russia’s grain exports by affecting payments, insurance and shipping. The Russian Foreign Ministry insisted that ensuring unhindered access to world markets for food and fertilizers would make it possible to achieve price stability and ensure future harvests. Russia has already suspended its cooperation once.
Russia also claims that Ukraine’s exported grain went almost exclusively to rich European markets rather than poor countries. It is promoting a competing scheme to provide free grain to the world’s poorest countries.
Several Russian banks were disconnected from the Swift financial messaging system earlier this year, making direct export settlements difficult. Russia wants to reconnect its main agricultural lender, Russell Khaz Bank.
The dispute over the future of the grain deal is part of a broader diplomatic battle between Russia and the West to convince Southern skeptics that the right is on their side. Ukraine scored a victory when the United Nations General Assembly voted Monday night by 94 to 17 to demand that Russia pay reparations for its invasion of Ukraine. And 73 people abstained from voting, which indicates that the large public fears compensation will delay the peace agreement.
In a sign of the intensification of the diplomatic battle, French President Emmanuel Macron met the leaders of South Africa, Argentina, Mexico, Senegal and Rwanda on the sidelines of the Bali summit. He also held talks with Chinese President Xi Jinping. He told him it was in China’s interest to push Putin back to talks.
Macron said again that he will communicate with Putin after the war ends G20 Summit, and they wanted diplomacy to succeed. Some Western leaders promote diplomacy because they truly believe it may bring peace, and others because they know the Global South wants to experiment with diplomacy.
Behind the scenes, relations between Ukraine and the United States have been strained by mixed messages from Washington about whether Ukraine’s recent military developments, and the onset of winter, provide an opportunity for Kiev to start peace talks with Russia. US General Mark Milley, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, publicly accepted the suggestion that winter provides an appropriate moment for talks, but US National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan has tried to reassure the idea that the US wants Ukraine to accept a settlement that leaves part of occupied Ukraine in the hands of Russia.
Ukraine’s Chief of Defense Staff, General Valery Zalogny, had what was described as a frank conversation with Milley on Monday. He is seeking US approval to supply drones and anti-drone missiles.
A rare meeting between CIA Director William Burns and Sergey Naryshkin, the Russian director of the Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR), in Ankara heightened suspicions that The US was using back channels to test Russia’s readiness to have conversations.
After the Russian side leaked the talks, the White House insisted that Burns “is not conducting negotiations of any kind. He does not discuss the settlement of the war in Ukraine. It conveys a message about the consequences of Russia’s use of nuclear weapons, and the risks of escalation for strategic stability.”
The summit itself is scheduled to discuss food security in the morning and global health after the pandemic in the afternoon.